Articles
Relations Between India and the Zionist Regime Overshadowed by the Paradox of Strategic Homogeneity and Identity Heterogeneity

Relations Between India and the Zionist Regime Overshadowed by the Paradox of Strategic Homogeneity and Identity Heterogeneity

The explosion of a bomb near the embassy of the Zionist regime in New Delhi on 29 January 2020 led to numerous speculations about its perpetrators and their motives. Given that the explosion happened on the 29th anniversary of diplomatic ties between India and the Zionist regime, it was interpreted as an act of terrorism by many, including the Zionist authorities. Previously, on 13 February 2012, the car carrying the spouse of an Israeli diplomat had also been blown up in New Delhi.   Ambassador of the Zionist regime in India, Ron Malka, asserted that the two explosions may be linked. The Zionist occupying force pointed the finger at Iran, but Iran explicitly denied all the allegations while calling the...

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The JCPOA Revisited: Implications of a US Return

The JCPOA Revisited: Implications of a US Return

And a Few Recommendations to the Iranian Negotiators

In his election campaign, Joe Biden always described Trump’s maximum pressure campaign against Iran and his withdrawal from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) nuclear deal as the wrong step to take, reiterating that Trump never achieved any of the objectives the deal was meant to accomplish. Therefore, the US must pursue its goals and policies in countering Iran by returning to the JCPOA. Although Biden considers Trump’s policy a failure, he still aims to preserve parts of his maximum pressure campaign and lift only part of the sanctions imposed on Iran. He has postponed the lifting of all sanctions until the start of talks on Iran’s missile program and regional affairs. On this side,...

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The message of your humiliation has been received:

The message of your humiliation has been received:

statement by EU three members of the JCPOA

The European belief in a hierarchical world order is an “unnecessary evil” of our time. Although Europe considers the superiority of the US over itself and the superiority of Europe over Iran as a prerequisite for all talks and ties, this short-sighted view by a collection of small countries that consider themselves inferior is not becoming against a country like Iran who can have a say in the age of conflicting ideas due to its demography, surface area, natural resources, and most importantly its elements of hard power, soft power norms, and its noble values and ideals.   How can just this one line in the statement issued by the EU three who are participants in the Joint Comprehensive Plan...

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The Iraqi government's priority in foreign policy from the perspective of Iraqi citizens

IRAQI SURVEY

The Iraqi government's priority in foreign policy from the perspective of Iraqi citizens

The findings of a survey conducted by Tehran International Studies and Research Institute(tisri) in June of this year, regarding the priorities of Iraqi foreign policy, shows that according to the citizens of this country, the Islamic Republic of Iran must be at the Priority of Iraq's foreign policy. The results of the survey, which was conducted among 400 Iraqi citizens of different ethnicities and religions, show that from the aspect of 36.26% of respondents, Iran has still the utmost importance in Iraqi foreign policy. After Iran, the United States with 22.9 percent, Europe Union with 16.42 percent, Persian Gulf countries with 16.2% and Turkey with 8.22% are in the next ranks. The Iraqi...

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Iran with and without Trump

Iran with and without Trump

The US presidential election and its winner have numerous consequences for various global actors and it would not be an exaggeration to say that the debates of the two candidates have a special global audience in politics, research, and academics. Iran is also not an exception to the rule and the success/failure of many of its domestic and foreign policies now depend on the final choice of the campaign. In recent years, Iran has been confronted with the US "maximum pressure" policy, and it goes without saying that it has incurred huge costs in countering it and being influenced by it. Although no one took Donald Trump seriously, he continued to move forward adamantly in some areas regardless of the...

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Arresting of the Diplomatic Agent as a Gross violation of international law

Arresting of the Diplomatic Agent as a Gross violation of international law

In June 2018 an Iranian diplomat has been arrested based on the false accusation of attempting for a bombing in Paris. And in October 2018, the prosecutors declared that Germany has extradited the Iranian diplomat to Belgium. The Belgian authorities stated that Iranian diplomat has been arrested for attempting to bomb in a meeting of Mujahedeen-e Khalq Organization (MKO) in Paris. It Was to attend this meeting the attorney of the US president, Giuliani, and some of the Arab and European ministers.  This diplomat was a member of the Iranian diplomatic mission. He was serving as a Diplomatic agent. One of the important branches of international law is consular and Diplomatic law. The question of immunities is...

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Iran is still at the forefront of Iraq's foreign policy priorities

According to a survey conducted of Iraqi citizens:

Iran is still at the forefront of Iraq's foreign policy priorities

The findings of a survey conducted by Tehran International Studies and Research Institute(tisri) in June of this year, regarding the priorities of Iraqi foreign policy, shows that according to the citizens of this country, the Islamic Republic of Iran must be at the Priority of Iraq's foreign policy. The results of the survey, which was conducted among 400 Iraqi citizens of different ethnicities and religions, show that from the aspect of 36.26% of respondents, Iran has still the utmost importance in Iraqi foreign policy. After Iran, the United States with 22.9 percent, Europe Union with 16.42 percent, Persian Gulf countries with 16.2% and Turkey with 8.22% are in the next ranks. Distinctive feature of this...

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America's withdrawal from Triple INF, JCPOA, OST and increased entropy in the international system

America's withdrawal from Triple INF, JCPOA, OST and increased entropy in the international system

After the US withdrew from the JCPOA and Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces treaty (INF) now it's time for the Open Skies Treaty (OST). Three types of international agreement which are common in security-military nature. Washington's justification for withdrawing from the treaty as a key treaty on increasing transparency and trust in transatlantic relations, as well as Russia's security-military relations with Europe and the United States, it is the same kind of previous justification. In connection with the withdrawal from this treaty, in terms of the current team of US Security and foreign policy decision making, the problem is that Russia has long violated the treaty, just as it repeatedly violates a...

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Europe and China relations in the post-Corona period

Europe and China relations in the post-Corona period

By increasing the number deaths from coronavirus in the world and excessive economic damage caused by the spread and epidemic of the virus, various theories have been expressed about the causes of the spread of this virus in the world and international relations. Some actors with accusing others seeks to bring up the irresponsibility of the government against the spread of the virus and some have pointed the accusation finger toward China as the source of the virus and they have accused the Chinese government of failing to provide accurate and timely information on the prevalence of coronavirus in the early stages and even in secrecy. In the meantime, some countries have demanded to pay compensation from the...

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The viewpoint of Afghan immigrants on the Islamic Republic of Iran's Performance in the Corona Crisis

The viewpoint of Afghan immigrants on the Islamic Republic of Iran's Performance in the Corona Crisis

The viewpoint of Afghan immigrants on the Islamic Republic of Iran's Performance in the Corona Crisis The findings of a survey conducted by Afghan immigrants living in Iran shows that 71% of respondents were fully satisfied with the provision of healthcare to Afghan migrants and in contrast, 10.5 percent in this regard, they Have evaluated the performance of the Iranian government weak. Also, 75% of the respondents the social cohesion of the Iranian people in the face of the Corona crisis have known very good and acceptable. Respondents believed that, respectively the performance of the governments of Iran, China and Germany, in the face of the Corona crisis has been favorable and the performance of the...

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Infectious diseases and developments in national security threats

Infectious diseases and developments in national security threats

Introduction   Coronavirus is a member of a large family of viruses that can cause a variety of illnesses, from the common cold to more severe illnesses such as: "Middle East Respiratory Syndrome" or "MERS" and "Acute Respiratory Syndrome" or "SARS". The emerging coronavirus (Covid-19), is a new type of family that has not been identified before. The new virus, which has infected tens of thousands of people in China's Wuhan province and around the world over the past two months has caused acute respiratory problems with its daily expansion, there is a concern that it will become a global epidemic. In the early stages, the virus only existed in China, but...

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The normalization of Japan's security policy and the perspective of regional and international actors

The normalization of Japan's security policy and the perspective of regional and international actors

Introduction   Japan is the world's third economy and the eighth military power in the world in terms of military budget. This country in terms of military and security in the years after World War II due to the imposed constitution (Article 9 of the Constitution) was banned from acting independently in world security processes, until recent years was defined as a role of the state "unusual" in international relations. Adopting purely economic strategy and giving the national security to the United States, led Japan to play a passive role in international politics and, at the same time, safe for its neighbors (China, South Korea, North Korea, other Southeast Asian countries, Russia,...

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Corona virus and the necessity of multilateralism in the interdependent world

Corona virus and the necessity of multilateralism in the interdependent world

Introduction Accept this problem that in today's world, international risks cross countries' natural borders and in a global way, they engage all societies, indicates a kind of political maturity in all international actors. The politicization of economic issues, an increasing importance of environmental pollution and Its dangers to societies, by influencing international relations, it shows the vulnerability of governments and societies in the face of events which occur in the territory of other countries. In this space, the main feature of the international system, is complexity, numerous and interfering relationships, conflict and cooperation. Corona virus, which is now known by the official name...

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The Trump Administration and Sovietization of the Islamic Republic of Iran:

The Trump Administration and Sovietization of the Islamic Republic of Iran:

How and Why?

Abstract It seems the administration of the US president, Donald Trump, pursues the strategy of exerting “maximum pressure” on Iran to achieve the goal of the Sovietization of Islamic Republic. In doing this, the incumbent US administration is trying to take advantage of experiences gained by the administration of former US president, Ronald Reagan, in its faceoff with the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1991. According to findings of this research, the theoretical backbone supporting this project is comprised of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) and some other rightwing and conservative American think tanks, including the Heritage Foundation and the American...

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The Nature of Alliances in the Middle East:

The Nature of Alliances in the Middle East:

Power or Identity?

Abstract   The main question in this paper is about the nature of alliances in the Middle East as one of the most important, strategic and, of course, stressful regions in the world. In other words, the question is if the nature of alliances in this region, like similar alliances in the West, can be determined by identity-based solidarity and the formation of common and collective identities based on fundamental norms”. In addition, when discussing the nature and causes of alliances in this region, should the role of identity-based factors be downplayed in favor of the role of power and power balance as well as threat balance? The main argument of this paper is that contrary to Barnett, a theorist...

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Theoretical Basis of Sanctions against Iran’s Nuclear Program:

Theoretical Basis of Sanctions against Iran’s Nuclear Program:

A Comparison between Diplomacies of Trump and Obama Administrations

Abstract From the perspective of international relations, sanction imposers or sender countries have different motives for using this instrument. The change in the US administration’s policy regarding the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is one of the remarkable examples in this context. This paper tries to answer the following question: What is the theoretical different between (Donald) Trump and (Barak) Obama administrations’ sanction policies regarding Iran despite of being compliant with its obligations based on JCPOA. The paper’s assumption is that while the sanction policy of Obama administration was based on making Iran more committed to international norms, the main motive of...

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The United States’ Containment Policy toward Iran

The United States’ Containment Policy toward Iran

Abstract   The US containment policy toward Iran after the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979 was actually a form of controlling policy, paralleled with a form of selective interaction. The US adopted the aforementioned policy to restrain Iran’s influence, narrowing down Iran’s strategic weight in regional and international arenas and ultimately changing Iran’s political behavior and regime. What are the US containment policy’s components toward Iran? What are the regional impacts of these components on Iran? This paper claims that the US strategies to restrain Iran can be categorized into four components (1.Securitization of Iran, 2.Utilizing punitive diplomatic measures...

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Mutual Relationship between the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Political Identity and the Enemy US

Mutual Relationship between the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Political Identity and the Enemy US

Abstract   Since the victory of the Islamic Revolution and the ensuing hostage taking at the US embassy in Tehran in 1979, the "other" – the enemy US – has turned into one of the most significant demonstrative and stabilizing elements of the political identity of the Islamic Republic of Iran. This article, focused on the role of political identity, seeks to explain why four decades after the Islamic Revolution, the Islamic Republic of Iran still sticks to the policy of no-ties with the United States of America, resists US-centered structural pressure and rejects any reconciliation with the US. To answer this question, we resort to the views of political realists. Political realists...

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Shia Islam’s Theological Stance on Terrorism

Shia Islam’s Theological Stance on Terrorism

Abstract   This paper seeks to explain how Shia Islam’s theological stances have prevented the formation and growth of extremism and violence and the spread of terrorism while blocking any attempt by extremists to extend the domain of blasphemy and jihadism to Muslims and carry out criminal and terrorist actions. Studies conducted within the framework of this research show that the Shia theological stances have not allowed the emergence of extremist thoughts and terrorist groups in Shia communities due to following the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad’s family, the institutionalization of wisdom, and the emergence of reformism in the contemporary period in fundamental issues like...

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The Influence of Elections on States’ International Standing

The Influence of Elections on States’ International Standing

(Case Study: Islamic Republic of Iran)

Abstract This paper tries to explain how holding general elections can promote the state’s international standing and authority. This paper is also trying to explain four effective elements, including democratic peace, the importance of international legitimacy, public diplomacy, and clean slate doctrine to help the researchers to find out the prominent role of holding elections in stabilizing and improving the state’s standing in the international arena. A free general election, in fact, establishes the state’s international interactions, in part, because such elections make other states receive specific signs and concepts, paving the way for the intended states to carry out desired reactions....

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